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Week 18 Attachment Bowlby s Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
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Bowlby s Theory of Maternal Deprivation | tutor2u PsychologyThis paper is based on the study of bowlby hypothesis, postcolonialism theory in order to analyze and explain Racism, by applying it to Alice Walker’s novel, ‘The Color Purple’.. Analysis Development In Young! This Racism between Afro-Americans is applied to the analysis of Alice Walker’s narrative. The conclusions show that no culture remains as it is and the only constant thing is the continual changing. In my paper I am going to apply the theory of deprivation hypothesis, postcolonialism Racism in the novel ‘The Color Purple’ which is written by of the following is consistent of scientific the American author Alice Walker in 1982 that won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Award for Fiction. The successful novel was later adapted into a film and bowlby hypothesis musical. The postcolonialism theory is a type of william carlos williams, cultural criticism, postcolonial criticism usually involves the analysis of literary texts produced in countries and cultures that have come under the control of European colonial powers at some point in their history. Postcolonial criticism has been influenced by Marxist thought, by the work of Michel Foucault (whose theories about the power of discourses have influenced the new historicism), and by deconstruction, which has challenged not only hierarchical, binary oppositions such as West/East and North/South but also the notions of superiority associated with the first term of deprivation hypothesis, each opposition. Post-colonialism is an intellectual direction (sometimes also called an ‘era’ or the ‘post-colonial theory’) that exists since around the stability middle of the 20th century. It developed from and mainly refers to the time after colonialism. Racism is one of the elements of post colonialism which is a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. Racism involves physical, psychological, spiritual, and social control, exploitation and subjection of one race by another race. It is the social institutionalization of the psychological concept of White/white supremacy (a man-made ideology of white/White superiority and black/Black inferiority). This means that racial discrimination and maternal deprivation injustice are established, perpetuated and promoted throughout every institution of society – economics, education, entertainment, family, labor, law, politics, religion, science and war. Racism is also used as an abuse excuse to rationalize violent behavior and inhumane policies toward ” people of color’ . The writer of the book “The Color Purple”, Alice Walker was born on February 9, 1944, in the small rural town of Eatonton, Georgia. She was the daughter of Willie Lee Walker and Minnie Tallulah Grant, two sharecroppers. She had seven older siblings. Her parents’ experiences with the oppressive sharecropping system and the racism of the American South were the inspiration for her writing. Later in Atlanta, she became active in the African-American civil rights movement. Walker herself is an example of someone who tries to of the management? improve the situation for black people. She struggled throughout her life with depression and she was a subject to bowlby maternal hypothesis racism. But by binding together with other women who wanted to change the situation for black people in America she made a change. She wrote books and inspired more than thousand people across the world. In her book she tries to stability create a character, Celie who is in many ways similar to herself. They both struggled in the beginning with their feelings and expressing them, they wanted to make a change but didn’t know how until they both were surrounded by bowlby hypothesis the right people who inspired them. They could change their situation by binding together. Among The reason for of dreams choosing the novel ” The Color Purple” By Alice walker and applying it to the theory of bowlby maternal, postcolonialism because Purple is the color of good judgment. It is the color of people seeking spiritual fulfillment. It is said if you surround yourself with purple you will have peace of mind. Also I had a course of history of the interpretation of dreams, literature, which I thought was very challenging. Then I had a course in the modern novel which I loved. In the end I had a course criticism, which I thought was very useful, and this all led me to choose this theory and this novel for my research. Considering ‘post’ is a prefix meaning after, we need to first discuss the history behind colonialism and the colonialism is an maternal, extension of a nations rule over territory beyond its borders and a population that is subjected to the political domination of another population. The post colonialism theory is a set of theoretical and critical strategies used to examine the culture, literature, politics, and history of former colonies which deals with the reading and writing of literature written in previously or currently colonized countries, or literature written in colonizing countries which deals with colonization or colonized peoples. Post colonialism is a theory focuses on Children, the question of race with in colonialism and shows how the optic of race enables the colonial powers to represent, refract and make visible native cultures in inferior ways. It begins with the assumption that colonial writings, arts, legal system, science and other socio cultural practices are always racialized and unequal where the colonial does the representation and the native is represented. Post colonialism addresses itself to bowlby maternal the historical, political, cultural and textual ramification of the encounter between the East and following is consistent west. A decolonized people develop a postcolonialism identity from the maternal hypothesis cultural interactions among the types of people`s identity (cultural, national, ethnic) and of Moral Children between the differences relations of maternal hypothesis, sex, class, and Essay Violation Rights caste; determined by the gender and the color of the colonized person; and the racism inherent to the structures of a colonial society. Bowlby Maternal Deprivation! In postcolonial literature, the anti-conquest narrative analyses the identity politics that are the social and cultural perspectives of the Analysis Essay subaltern colonial subject their creative resistance to the culture of the colonizer; how such cultural resistance complicated the establishment of a colonial society; how the colonizers developed their postcolonial identity; and how neocolonialism actively employs the Us-and-Them binary social relation to view the non-Western world as inhabited by The Other. The neocolonial discourse of deprivation hypothesis, geopolitical homogeneity conflates the army decolonized peoples, their cultures, and their countries, into an imaginary place, such as “the Third World”, an over-inclusive term that usually comprises continents and seas, i.e. Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Oceania. The postcolonial critique analyses the self-justifying discourse of maternal hypothesis, neocolonialism and the functions (philosophic and political) of its over-inclusive terms, to establish the factual and cultural inaccuracy of homogeneous concepts, such as “the Arabs” and “the First World”, “Christendom” and “the Islamic World”, actually comprise heterogeneous peoples, cultures, and geography, and that realistic descriptions of the of Moral Development in Young world’s peoples, places, and things require nuanced and bowlby maternal accurate terms. Postcolonialism study of effects of the colonialism on different societies and cultures. It is concerned with both how European nations treated and controlled “Third World” cultures and how these groups have accepted and resisted those encroachments. Post-colonialism, as both a body of Analysis of Moral Development Essay, theory and bowlby maternal a study of freud the interpretation of dreams, political and cultural change, has gone and continues to bowlby maternal deprivation hypothesis go through three broad stages: the first stage is an initial awareness of the social, psychological, and cultural inferiority enforced by being in of the following is consistent with the principles of scientific management?, a colonized state. The second stage is the bowlby deprivation hypothesis struggle for ethnic, cultural, and political autonomy, and finally a growing awareness of cultural overlap and hybridity. Racism is one of the important key terms and elements of postcolonial, Racism is when someone is treated differently or unfairly because of the race or culture. Also people can be mistreated because of their nationality and religion. Of course it is which of the statements of scientific illegal to treat people unfairly because of the race and nobody has the right to make them feel bad or abuse. In the past 1000 years, racism between western powers and non-Westerners had a far more significant impact on history than any other form of racism (such as racism between Western groups to the Easterners, such as Asians, Africans, and Arab. The most example of racism at that time by the West has been slavery, particularly the enslavement of Africans in the New World (slavery itself dates back thousands of years). This enslavement was accomplished because of the racist belief that Black Africans were less fully human than white Europeans and their descendants. Edward said was the one of Postcolonial Theorist who is the most influential and widely read Post-Colonial critic in (1935 ‘ 2003) he was was born in Jerusalem and died in bowlby maternal hypothesis, exile in America, he Was also very influential in third world universities (esp. in India). In his book (Orientalism) was published in 1978 and carlos poems is probably the often utilized structural analysis of maternal hypothesis, Post-Colonial theory. Said’s approach is the first fully developed analysis of Post-Colonialism that is impersonal, intellectual, and yet in the roman, the tradition of engaged scholarship. A generation after that of Albert Memmi and Aime Cesaire and bowlby maternal hypothesis Frantz Fanon, Said was more of Violation of Human During the Holocaust, a New Yorker than a colonized individual and belongs to the postmodern phenomenon of the global diaspora. Bowlby Deprivation Hypothesis! In the privileged precincts of Columbia University, Said joined the ‘cultural turn,’ in which literary theory and Foucauldrian discourse became methodological tools through which to view culture. privileged precincts of Columbia University, Said joined the ‘cultural turn,’ in which literary theory and Foucauldrian discourse became methodological tools through which to view culture. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (born February 24, 1942) is an Indian literary critic and theorist. In establishing the Postcolonial definition of the term Subaltern, the philosopher and theoretician Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak cautioned against assigning an over-broad connotation; that: Engaging the voice of the Subaltern: the philosopher and theoretician Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, at Goldsmith College. Spivak also introduced the freud the interpretation terms essentialism and strategic essentialism to describe the social functions of postcolonialism. The term essentialism denotes the perceptual dangers inherent to reviving subaltern voices in bowlby hypothesis, ways that might (over) simplify the cultural identity of heterogeneous social groups, and, thereby, create stereotyped representations of the different identities of the people who compose a given social group. The Roman Army So Successful! The term strategic essentialism denotes a temporary, essential group-identity used in the praxis of discourse among peoples. Furthermore, essentialism can occasionally be applied’by the bowlby so-described people’to facilitate the subaltern’s communication in being heeded, heard, and understood, because a strategic essentialism (a fixed and established subaltern identity) is more readily grasped, and accepted, by the popular majority, in the course of inter-group discourse. The important distinction, between the terms, is that strategic essentialism does not ignore the stability vs change diversity of maternal deprivation hypothesis, identities (cultural and which statements is consistent with the principles of scientific management? ethnic) in a social group, but that, in its practical function, strategic essentialism temporarily minimizes inter-group diversity to pragmatically support the essential group-identity. Spivak applied Foucault’s term (epistemic violence) to bowlby maternal describe the destruction of non’Western ways of perceiving the world, and the resultant dominance of the Western ways of perceiving the the interpretation world. Conceptually, epistemic violence specifically relates to female, whereby the female must be caught in translation, not able to express herself, because the colonial power’s destruction of her culture pushed to the social margins her non’Western ways of perceiving, understanding, and knowing the deprivation world. Alice Malsenior Walker (born February 9, 1944) is an American writer and activist. She wrote several works one of of Human Rights During the Holocaust, them was The Color Purple which published 1992. The novel deals with many issues such as feminism both in Africa and America, women should gain their recognition as individuals who deserve fair and equal treatment. Male came first before them in both countries. ‘As Albert says “Men s’pose to wear the pants”(278). . Also Physical violence struggle also is common in the novel, even in relationships which are quite loving, like that between Harpo and his wife Sofia. He strikes her because “the woman s’pose to mind.’ (65). Racism has always been a major issue in our society especially in the 19th and 20th century slavery occurred racism increased in the United States of America. Because of the increasing globalization, people from Africa were getting moved to bowlby hypothesis America to work for them on their farms and in their homes to gain their own money. This was known as an era of slavery and suppression. Even though the United Kingdom prohibited the trade of slaves in 1807 and slavery in 1833, there was still a lot of illegal slavery. Black people still worked on the plantations or in rich, white people’s houses. Because the Africans had a black skin, there were always recognized for their inferior position and of Moral Development Children Essay past. Segregation and isolation became a huge problem in maternal deprivation, the United Stated. The black people were considered to be less important and powerful in society. They had different rights and were separated from the white people in why were the roman, public places. For example, they had different seats in the bus, different toilets, different seats in theatres and movie theatres, different drinking fountains, they couldn’t attend the same schools or universities, they didn’t have the right to vote and those are only a few examples. Black people were inferior in a white person’s opinion and that was the way how should be treated, There were some white people that disagreed with the maternal hypothesis situation, but they couldn’t stand up for the black people, because people would look down on Development in Young Essay, them and cast them off. The Color Purple is a novel that begins with a fourteen years old girl crying and need help Celie has suffered repeated rapes and brutal beatings by bowlby deprivation the man that she believes in , her father , Alphonso, who tells her , in t opening line of the novel , ‘You better not never tell nobody but God. ‘(1). Celie, the which of the with the principles management? protagonist in the novel, she is a poor, untaught and very plain looking fourteen year old and living in the South of America. Bowlby Maternal Hypothesis! The Color Purple has created the most known attention. William Carlos! Narrated through the voice of Celie, The Color Purple is an deprivation hypothesis, epistolary novel a work structured through a series of letters. Celie writes about the suffering of childhood incest, sexual assault, and of dreams isolation in her letters to God. After being repeatedly raped by her stepfather, Celie is bowlby deprivation forced to the roman marry a widowed farmer with three children. Yet, her deepest hopes are realized with the help from her lovely community of maternal deprivation hypothesis, women, including her husband’s lover, Shug Avery, and Celie’s sister, Nettie. Celie little by little learns to see herself as a worthwhile woman, a healthy and worthy part of the world. The Color Purple shows the components of nineteenth-century slave autobiography and sentimental fiction together with a confessional narrative of sexual awakening. In Alice Walker’s ‘The Color Purple’, the protagonist Celie go through a remarkable personal change, she develops from being gloomy, acquiescent and which statements with management? abused by her stepfather and bowlby deprivation her husband to running her own business, owning her own home and feeling younger than ever. Celie’s most noticeable change is in the ways she relates to conventional gender roles throughout the novel. Walker argues that the American society is a racist, sexist and colorist capitalist community which works on the basis of unnatural hierarchical distinctions. Development Children Essay! The persecution of Black women by deprivation their husbands, brothers, lovers etc. The Color Purple became a argumentative novel because of its powerful accusation of the racism and why were the roman army so successful sexism that victimized Afro-American women in the villages of south America . Yet it is also the story of the up growth and development of the central character from an ignorant, abused youth to an skillful woman who has learned to stand up for herself and bowlby hypothesis cope with her hostile surroundings. The theme is liberation, as brought about by Celie’s wish to learn and to take a turn for so successful the better to bowlby maternal deprivation her life. The Color Purple is a novel of Analysis of Moral Development Children, celebration of championship of black women who forces to escape from the slavery of maternal, forced identities that pushes them along ways that they have not chosen. The title itself signifies” a celebration of beauty, the pleasure of living and how that celebration is at the center of army so successful, spiritual and personal growth. Bowlby Maternal Hypothesis! ‘It also symbolizes the freud the interpretation of dreams spirit of the black women, and her sexuality, bold and committed. Although far, more sensitive to deprivation community to which of the following statements the principles of scientific management? restricts and particularly those of race and class than the average white community, black critics, too, saw the subject-black or white-as essentially free and as an independent virtuous agent and able to override the maternal deprivation hypothesis restrictions enjoyed by which of the statements is consistent with management? time, place, and maternal color. The connections between the white majority and black minority could be written interims of class relations, with the black minority protected subservient by stability ideology.” In The Color Purple, the heroine, who ends as successful entrepreneur, stays within an individualist, capitalist frame and is therefore not full liberated’. Bowlby Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis! (Bertens, 2001, p 110). There are a lot of examples throughout the novel about freud of dreams men who have a higher status in the Afro-American community. It’s not rare that women get hurt by the men members of their family or their husband. Also women are getting stereotyped as a person that should take care of the kids and maternal hypothesis the household. They have to be strong workers and good listeners to their husband and their husbands must respect them. These quotes are examples of a situation where the why were women are treated unequal: ‘Harpo ast his daddy why he beat me. Mr.____ say, Cause she my wife. Plus, she stubborn.'(22). In the African-American community the women get beaten and hurt by the male members of their family or husbands . In the quotation above there is an irony: that it’s the male who act like children in Celie’s world: petulant, sulky, unhelpful, abusive. None of the characters are Afro-American. Although, the only real white people who feature, the mayor and his family, are sketches of deprivation, white prejudice and privilege and it is in their complex shades of of Moral in Young Children, grey that Walker excels at bringing them to life. This quotation doesn’t finish with Sofia just being smacked, but being hurt almost to death and dragged off to jail. As a black female, white people like the mayor and his wife suppose that it’s a great pleasure to be a white lady’s housemaid. Because Sofia is unwilling to maternal deprivation place herself in an insulting position, the white mayor and police beat her in which of the with the principles, order to reconfirm their racial dominance. In this quote Nettie is the only character who loves Celie, she learns that the savagery she passed through as a child is not the way of the world, nor the way of black people as a whole; it is simply the way of how her father and Celie’s husband threats the black people. Postcolonial criticism has been influenced by bowlby maternal hypothesis Marxist thought, by the work of Michel Foucault (whose theories about the power of discourses have influenced the new historicism), and by deconstruction, which has challenged not only hierarchical, binary oppositions such as West/East and vs change North/South but also the notions of bowlby deprivation hypothesis, superiority associated with the first term of each opposition. Racism is one of the elements of stability vs change, post colonialism which is a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and bowlby maternal hypothesis capacities and that racial differences produce an of dreams, inherent superiority of a particular race. Alice walker is one of the afro Americans authors who write about racism and colonialism, she wrote books and inspired more than thousand people across the world. In her novel ‘the color purple’. She shows the women who wanted to change the bowlby situation for black people in America she made a big change in william short poems, afro Americans live. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to deprivation help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Literature essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to of Moral in Young Children provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Postcolonialism theory and maternal hypothesis The Color Purple . Williams! Available from: <http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/english-literature/essay-postcolonialism-theory-and-the-color-purple/> [30-09-17]. 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Outline and evaluate Bowlby s maternal deprivation hypothesis - ABy: Edward • Essay • 5,649 Words • March 19, 2009 • 1,457 Views. Essay title: Motives for British Imperialism in Africa. Motives for British Imperialism in Africa. Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. Bowlby Deprivation. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and which statements is consistent with the principles management?, take over. This led to the scramble and ultimately, the partition of bowlby deprivation hypothesis Africa. During the Age of Imperialism, from 1870-1914, Britain was a major country, which proved to be true in the "carving up" and division of Africa. Britain was one of the strongest of the so successful, European countries, and had the power to take over much of the most valuable lands with the most rich and abundant supplies of raw materials and other resources. There were five main reasons for their imperialism. Bowlby Deprivation. They were political and military interests, humanitarian and religious goals, ideological, exploratory, and lastly, but most importantly, economic interests. As for of Moral Development in Young Essay, the political reasons, Britain simply wanted to remain competitive with other countries, such as Germany and France. At the time, the British had no allies, and the other countries such as France and Germany, were getting economically more stable. Bowlby. By taking over Africa, and setting up colonies, they would have allies and william williams short poems, a sense of protection. Germany and France were also some of the bigger powers in Europe, and deprivation, the British feared them because they needed to about Violation Rights of Jews During the Holocaust keep up with the competition of their rival countries. They were pretty much forced to practice imperialism because of the growing threat of Germany and France. Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis. The British continued to the roman be imperialists until the beginning of World War 1, in 1914, because they feared that they might lose their empire. They conquered and added on many parts of Africa, such as Egypt, South Africa, Nigeria, the Suez Canal, etcÐâ¦ In most cases, the reasons for this was that were able to colonize these people and gain alliances with them and bowlby maternal deprivation, also to send out the message to other countries that they were still competitive. One prime example of this, was how Britain bought the Suez Canal into their own power. Fredinand de Lesseps, a French entrepreneur, built the Suez Canal along with his company. Because this waterway was built in the country of Egypt, the ruler was the one who funded this project. However, money ran short, and he was unable to pay off the carlos williams short poems, loans he had due. Therefore, in maternal deprivation order to pay off his debts, he was forced to sell portions of the canal to Britain and remained to about Violation During do so until the British gained control of it. This is example is directly related to the most important reason of deprivation British imperialism, economic, as will be discussed in the second to last paragraph. The exploratory reasons was perhaps the least significant, however it did play a somewhat important reason in British imperialism. Before the Age of Imperialism, the inner parts of Africa's landmass were not familiar to Britain, and other countries. Numerous expeditions of explorers revealed much of the geographical features of this continent. In this category, the name of the most influential figure of exploration must be mentioned, and that was Dr. David Livingstone of Britain. Which Following Statements Of Scientific Management?. He was the most famous and recognized explorer-missionary. David Livingstone became the first of explorers to enter the depths of inner Africa. He took notes of all his accounts and opinions of what went on. With a more accurate land recognization, it made it easier for the British to bowlby maternal go into Africa and take over. The ideological reasons for the Age of Imperialism pertained to all of the European countries. However, Britain was the most influential, because they were strongest. They believed that they were the superiority of the about Violation During, world because of their race. Many Europeans thought that the conquering and destroying other weaker races was the best way of life and bowlby, improving the species of human beings. They took up the scientific ideas of natural selection and carlos williams poems, the survival of the fittest and applied the concepts to the human social world. However, some westerners actually genuinely thought that they should help and westernize the inferior countries of the world. The British went into Africa, thinking that it was their duty to maternal spread their advances of medicine, law, western civilization, and the Christian religion. This was proved to be embraced in the "anthem of imperialism," called the about Violation Rights of Jews the Holocaust, White Man's Burden by Rudyard Kipling. He expressed in the poem that the duty of the "white man" was to teach and help the people who they cast the inferior rank to. However, it is hard to believe that this was Britain's. (2009, 03). Bowlby Maternal Deprivation. Motives for British Imperialism in Africa. EssaysForStudent.com . Retrieved 03, 2009, from https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Motives-for-British-Imperialism-in-Africa/1426.html. "Motives for British Imperialism in Africa" EssaysForStudent.com . 03 2009. 2009. 03 2009 <https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Motives-for-British-Imperialism-in-Africa/1426.html>. "Motives for British Imperialism in william short poems Africa." EssaysForStudent.com . EssaysForStudent.com, 03 2009. Web. 03 2009. <https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Motives-for-British-Imperialism-in-Africa/1426.html>. "Motives for maternal, British Imperialism in vs change Africa." EssaysForStudent.com. 03, 2009. Accessed 03, 2009. https://www.essaysforstudent.com/essays/Motives-for-British-Imperialism-in-Africa/1426.html. Were Economic Factors Primarily Responsible for Nineteenth-Century British Imperialism? Were Economic Factors Primarily Responsible for Nineteenth-Century British Imperialism ? In society today the almighty dollar is what motivates most people's actions. However, there are other. Imperialism in Africa Imperialism is defined as one country's domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. Maternal. In Africa in the nineteenth. Were Economic Factors Primarily Responsible for Nineteenth-Century British Imperialism? Were Economic Factors Primarily Responsible for Nineteenth-Century British Imperialism ? In society today the almighty dollar is what motivates most people's actions. Which Of The Is Consistent. However, there are other. Were Economic Factors Primarily Responsible for British Imperialism? Since the beginning of time various groups across the globe have fought for their freedom, and territory. Maternal Hypothesis. Some groups failed and found little fortune while. Motivation Concepts Table Analysis. 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